Cricket History – Cricket is a very complex game, but it is still the second most popular sport in the world. . How did that happen?

To many who don’t understand it, cricket looks like a slow and boring sport, but reality couldn’t be further from the truth. With 2.5 billion followers, cricket is the second most popular sport (behind football/soccer with 3.5 billion followers). It has a large geographical range, popular in Australia, Bangladesh, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, West Indies (a group of Caribbean regions) and Zimbabwe, with increasing popularity in many neighboring countries. Worlds like Afghanistan, the Netherlands, Kenya and the United Arab Emirates to name a few.

Cricket History

Cricket History

The future of the sport is bright as the popularity is sure. However, cricket is still the oldest game in the history of sports and has gone through many evolutions (and revolutions) to reach where it is today.

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The oldest and most popular form of cricket is Test cricket, which is played over five days. Twelve countries are officially recognized as test countries. Test matches are played by both teams wearing white. The second officially recognized format of the game is the One-Day-International (ODI), which was introduced in 1971. An ODI lasts up to nine hours. The latest version of the game is the Twenty20 format (T20), which was introduced in 2003. This is a shorter version of the game and takes about three hours to play.

ODIs and Twenty20 matches are played with teams wearing team colours. Although the team’s uniforms change in design regularly, South Africa began a trend in 2013 of ditching their traditional colors and playing pink once a year to raise breast cancer awareness.

International Test matches are played during tours when a team from one country visits another country. A series usually consists of multiple Test matches, followed by ODIs and T20s. World Cup is the biggest cricket tournament which is held every four years in ODI format. There is also the Champions Trophy, which is contested every 4 years and was originally intended to raise funds and popularize the sport in non-testing countries. The T20 World Cup has been played every two years since its inception in 2007. The sport is organized by the International Cricket Council (ICC).

Although the first record of cricket dates back to the 16th century, cricket’s origins date back almost 400 years. Cricket is believed to have originated in the Saxon or Norman era in the Weald, a densely forested area that covers much of Kent and Sussex in southeast England. It has been suggested that cricket evolved from bowling – mainly players trying to stop the ball from reaching its target with sticks or bats.

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Etymology suggests that the target could be a tree stump or a sheep’s door. A “wicket” is a small gate or grill in Anglo-Norman French. The term “wicket” is also used for hoops in croquet. In Old French, the cover was called a “bail,” derived from the Latin “baculum,” meaning “rod” or “stick,” an essential part of securing Enco’s “wicket.” All these are important criteria when considering goals in cricket.

Although little is known about the early history of the game, it is thought to have been a children’s game until 1611, when the first evidence of the sport appears to be a competition between adults. In 1617, the future Lord Protector of England, 18-year-old Oliver Cromwell, made sporting history as the first person to play cricket in London. Village cricket also became popular during this time.

First mention of Oliver Cromwell playing cricket in London, Image by Royal Academy

Cricket History

One of the many rules of cricket is that a batsman is not allowed to hit the ball twice in an attempt to save his wicket. This is due to two incidents where a fielder died while trying to catch the ball while the batsman was trying to hit it outside the field. The first occurred in 1624, in which Jasper Vinal became the first person to record a cricket death after being struck on the forehead with a cricket bat. In 1647, a sportsman named Henri Brand suffered a similar tragedy. In 1744, the Laws of Cricket were drawn up and these incidents led to batsmen being out if they attempted to hit the ball twice.

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During the reign of Charles I (1625-1649), British rulers took great interest in the game, as it offered opportunities for gambling. During this time, the sport was also exported to the British colonies in North America and the West Indies. The oldest team in sporting history still exists from this time: Mitcham Cricket Club was founded in 1685 and exists to this day.

By the 18th century, cricket had become so popular that it had grown from a team representing a village to a team representing an entire city, attracting large crowds.

Throughout the 18th century, cricket grew in popularity in England, many tournaments were held, and as the British Empire expanded, the game was played wherever England went. The first mention of cricket being played outside England was in 1676 when a large British delegation played cricket in Aleppo, Ottoman Empire.

The Seven Years War (1756-1763) brought hardship to England and thus dampened their enthusiasm for competitive sports. However, the outcome of the war was that the British were able to expand their operations in the Indian subcontinent at the expense of the French. Thus began the British Raj and much cricket was introduced to India. In the winter of 1777-1778, during the American Revolutionary War, George Washington played cricket with his men while encamped at Valley Forge.

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In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, cricket appeared in records from many parts of the British Empire, notably Barbados (1780), Canada (1785), Australia (1804) and South Africa (1808). . The permanent British presence in India meant that cricket clubs were also established there.

In Australia, cricket became widespread and popular in the southeastern colonies. The first-class cricket Test was played in 1850 between Tasmania and Victoria, in which the former won by three wickets. From 1861, a team from England began to tour Australia, which became famous for the sport, especially one of the giants in the history of the sport, W.G. kindness In 1882, English and Australian teams began competing in an annual tournament called “The Ashes”. As one of the most important annual events in the history of the sport, “The Ashes” is considered the most iconic match in cricket. “Ashes” are the charred remains of famous bails, which are placed in an urn and given to the winning team.

In Canada, the first mention of cricket being played on an organized basis dates back to 1834 when a club was established in Toronto. In 1840, a team from Toronto played a club from New York. In 1844, the first international cricket match (and the first official sporting event between the countries) was played between Canada and the United States of America at the St. George’s Cricket Club in Manhattan, New York. Canada won the tournament by 23 runs. Since then K.A. The Auty Cup series is contested every year and since 2011, the tournament consists of two one-day tournaments, a 50-round tournament and two 2020 tournaments.

Cricket History

Cricket in South Africa began in 1795 when the British took over the Cape Colony from the Dutch. It is believed that cricket soon became a popular pastime in Cape Town. The 1795 expedition led by General Sir James Craig included an officer named Charles Anguish, who was a member of the Marylebone Cricket Club and played 32 first-class matches. When he arrived at the Cape a contest was held between the soldiers.

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The foundation of domestic cricket in South Africa began in 1876 with the “Champions Bat” tournament between colonial towns. From December 1888 to March 1889, the first England team toured South Africa, making South Africa the third Test nation. Over the next decade, cricket’s popularity grew until South Africa’s apartheid policies forced the world governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), to ban all international cricket involving a South African team. It also influenced the women’s team that debuted in 1960.

In 1991, apartheid was abolished and prohibition was lifted. Cricket is one of the top three sports in South Africa today (along with football and rugby) and has a multicultural appeal. In August 2012, South Africa became the first team in the sport’s history to reach the No. 1 ranking in all three.